Desembarco del Granma National Park | Province: Granma
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Declared by UNESCO Natural Site of Humanity, it invites you to enjoy one of the most impressive landscapes of Isle, with notable values regarding flora and fauna and geomorphologic features. It is located in the western part of Granma Province, between Niquero and Pilón Municipalities and it has an extension of 27 545 hectares. It is distinguished by a dry climate, with
precipitations ranking between 700 and 1200 mm. and a temperature around 26oC. Cabo Cruz, an area that was declared Natural Patrimony of Humanity due to the perfect state of preservation of its ecosystem, has the marine terrace systems better
preserved in America: giant steps of 360 meters above sea level, carved by the erosion and the passing of time.
Endemism is one of the features of the carsick planes that distinguish the territory. There are approximately 500 species of flora with medicinal, maderable and ecological value, such as the dwarf orchids, the cordia dumosa and others such as the centenarian giant cactus and the mortal hug. Several species of mammal, reptile, amphibious, mollusks and birds as Carta Cuba,Tocororo, Zunzún, Negrito,Tomeguín del pinar and green woodpecker have a safe shelter here. Others such as the
Lagartija Hojarasca, the Country Pigeon, the Parrot and the Manatee (living fossil), are also integrated to this region.
A former aborigine settlement, speleologists find here a proper space to discover archaeological sites such as Guafe; presenting ceremonial and funeral caverns from the agro-pottery culture. It is one of the biggest archaeological reserves in the country. The Park also has multiple facilities for practicing nautical activities, such as diving, underwater photography and snorkelling.
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