Parochial Church San Salvador de Bayamo, Granma. Cuba
- Destination: Granma
- Open: Daily
- Address: Bayamo. Granma Province. Cuba
Description Churches and Convents: Parochial Church San Salvador de Bayamo, Granma. Cuba
San Salvador de Bayamo Church. National Monument. With San Salvador de Bayamo Village in 1514 San Salvador Hermit was built in this place made of palm bark and palm leaves. The temple became in 1600 a majestic wooden edifice as it was proper of in the 17th and 18th centuries. In 1613 is was proclaimed Superior Parrish.
The temple was almost destroyed by the fire in 1869, losing its original ornamentation and architecture. The current architecture has a neoclassical style. La Dolorosa Chapel that since 1740 stands next to the Superior Temple remained as witness of the epoch. The family of lawyer and General Francisco Maceo Osorio donated the Via Crucis in 1919, fourteen seasons signaling the different moments of Christ's passion.
The main altar, made of white marble and Toscana style was the place where, between 1919 and 1965, Mass wascelebrated. The second altar is dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus, and it was donated Francisco Vicente Aguilera's family. The third altar is dedicated to San Antonio and was donated in 1924 by Colonel of the Freedom Army Luis Milanés. The central arch has a mural where the blessing of La Demajagua Flag and the first interpretation of the National Anthem on November 8th, 1868 are represented. The author is the Dominican painter Julio Desanglés.
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Parochial Church San Salvador de Bayamo is located in Granma
The territory limits to the north with the provinces of Las Tunas and Holguín; to the west with the Gulf of Guacanayabo; to the south with the Caribbean Sea, and to the east with Santiago de Cuba. It has more than 760 000 inhabitants in its 8 470 , Km2 of territorial extension.
There are two airports: Sierra Maestra, located in Manzanillo for international operations, and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, in Bayamo, for domestic flights. By road, the Central Highway links Granma with the other cities of the country. The Sierra Maestra majestic mountains, main mountainous group of Cuba, the intense blue colour of the Caribbean Sea and the fertile plains bathed by rivers coming from the high mountains present Granma as presenting a wide range of contrasts. "Desembarco del Granma" National Park is within the limits of this province, declared by UNESCO, as World Natural Site.
The province is known as the Birthplace of Cuban Nationality and preserves a rich historical and cultural heritage. It was in this city where the National Anthem of Cuba was sung for the first time. In this region is indispensable to visit Desembarco del Granma National Park, with its very interesting natural phenomena and areas of exceptional beauty. There are also other places to be visited, such as La Demajagua Park, where on October 10th, 1868, the Cuban struggles for independence began; Manzanillo, a coastal city wrapped in an atmosphere of pirates and corsairs' legends, and Bayamo, provincial capital and National Monument.
A stay at Marea del Portillo hotel, with a beach that draws attention for the dark colour of its sand, is ideal to discover the charms of Cayo Blanco, a place of suggestive sea bottoms; to enter the impressive system of marine terraces or to come closer to the natural and archaeological reservation El Guafe. Excursions to its mountainous system are one of the biggest attractiveness, for the visitor has the possibility to go into one of the more preserved, intimate, and better places of Cuban nature.