Iglesia del Espiritu Santo, Havana . Cuba
- Destination: Havana
- Open: Daily
- Address: Cuba e/ Jesus Maria y Acosta, Havana City. Cuba
Description Churches and Convents: Iglesia del Espiritu Santo, Havana . Cuba
After the Parroquial Mayor, Havana had a second temple: the one of the Espíritu Santo (Holy Spirit). This church is the oldest still standing. Its construction dates back to June, 1632. It was small and poor. Free blacks, already numerous, devoted it to the Holy Spirit in 1638.
The church was built as a result of f the town’s growth, because the new neighbors lived too far from the Parroquial Mayor. At the same time the creation of another church at San Juan de Dios, all the way across town, was proposed.
Within the church, improved by the bishops Jerónimo Valdés y Sierra and Pedro A. Morell, there is a chapel with a stone vaulted roof and a burial chamber beneath. The church tower has three stories and was, alongside the one at the Convento de San Francisco de Asís, one of the tallest in the city.
In 1936 the grave of the Bishop Valdés, a man who did so much for the city’s poor, was found in the church
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Iglesia del Espiritu Santo is located in Havana
Capital of Cuba and the country's administrative, political, cultural and scientific center, it is also the capital of two provinces: City of Havana and Havana. Though only around 280 square miles (727 square kilometers) in size-0.65 percent of the archipelago's total area.
The Old Havana and system of forts led UNESCO to declare it a part of world heritage in 1982. Founded on its present site in 1519, the settlement of San Cristobal de La Habana prospered mainly due to its bay, which was a natural port of call for ships sailing to and from the New World. Starting in 1634, because of its strategic location, San Cristobal de La Habana was considered the key to the New World-as attested to by royal letters patent-and the main defense of the West Indies.
The Cuban capital consists of an immense number of buildings in a wide range of architectural styles, built in the course of nearly five centuries. These styles range from the pre-baroque to the baroque, neo-Gothic, neoclassical, eclectic, art noveau and art-deco, to the modern.
Alejo Carpentier, one of Cuba's most famous authors, called it "the city of columns" and focused attention on its streets, which he considered a perennially rich show of life, humanity and contrasts that was bound to entertain any observer.
Over 14 kilometers of excellent beaches lie to the east of the Cuban capital. To the south, a green belt contributes to a healthful atmosphere.