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  • Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum

    Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum, Havana . Cuba

    • Destination: Havana
    • Open: 1,2,3,4,5,6
    • Address: Calle OReilly and Avenida del Puerto, Old Havana
    • Telephone:
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  • Description Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum, Havana . Cuba

    A previous fortress, the Fuerza Vieja (Old Force), was badly damaged in 1555 during an attack on Havana by the French privateer Jacques de Sores and eventually was demolished in 1582. In 1558 Bartolomé Sánchez, an engineer appointed by King Philip II of Spain, began work on the new fortress, initially known as the Fuerza Nueva (New Force). The Fuerza Vieja was set back from the harbour, but the new fortress was planned to be closer to the harbour to give it a better strategic position. The ironworks were established in 1558, but the first stones were not laid until 1562. Construction was delayed due to complaints from local residents forced to relocate to make way for the building and from disagreements between Sánchez and the Governor of Havana. The fortress was not completed until 1577, with slaves and French prisoners providing most of the labour. Built of limestone quarried from the Havana shoreline, the fortification incorporated thick sloping walls, a moat and drawbridge. The governor, Francisco Carreño, ordered the addition an upper storey as barracks and a munitions store, but on completion, the fortress proved to be too small for practical use.La Giradilla on the watchtower (inset: The original, which is now held in the Palacio de los Capitanes Generales)A view of the watchtower from the outside

    Despite being positioned closer to the harbour than the Fuerza Vieja, it quickly became apparent that the new fortress was still too distant from the mouth of the harbour to serve effectively as a defensive bulwark, so was instead adopted by Juan de Tejeda as the residence of the Governor of Havana. Subsequent governors made changes to the building, and in 1634, Juan Vitrián de Viamonte added a watchtower with a weathervane sculpted in the form of a woman, by Gerónimo Martín Pinzón, an artist from Havana, and based on the figure crowning La Giralda in Seville. Although the reason for the choice of this figure, called La Giraldilla, is not known, a common suggestion is to honour Inés de Bobadilla, Havana's only female governor, who assumed control from her husband Hernando de Soto when he undertook an expedition to Florida. She spent many years scanning the horizon for signs of his returning ship (unbeknown to her, he had died). The figure became the symbol of the city of Havana (it features on the Havana Club rum label), and is now held at the City Museum housed in the Palacio de los Capitanes Generales in the Plaza de Armas, while a copy is in place on the watchtower. The façade of the fortress was demolished in 1851 to allow O’Reilly Street to go all the way to the docks, and prevent El Templete, completed in 1828, from being overshadowed by the fortress. 

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  • Airports next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • Airports: Havana Airport

    Havana Airport

    José Martí International Airport (IATA: HAV, ICAO: MUHA), sometimes known by its former name Rancho-Boyeros Airport, is located 15 km (9 mi) southwest of Havana, Cuba, and is a hub for Cubana de Aviación, Aerogaviota, and Aero Caribbean, and former Latin American hub for Aeroflot Soviet Airlines.[2] It is Cuba's main international and domestic gateway, and serves several million passengers each year. The airport lies in the municipality of Boyeros and connects Havana with the rest of the Caribbean, North, Central and South America, Europe, and one destination in Africa. It is named in memory of patriot and poet José Martí. In the 1960s the airport was bombed by B-26 aircraft from Brigade 2506, a CIA-sponsored group of Cuban exiles attempting to liberate Cuba from Fidel Castro. Cubans are not allowed to own aircraft or use the airport for either private or commercial flight. Only government-owned aircraft are allowed to use the facilities. There are currently four passenger terminals in use at the airport, plus a freight terminal.[3] Terminal 1 is used primarily for domestic flights. Terminal 2 opened in 1988, primarily for charter flights to the United States. Ten years later on April 27, 1998, the International Terminal 3 was opened by Canada's then-Prime Minister, Jean Chrétien, and former Cuban president, Fidel Castro. International Terminal 3 offers many modern facilities and jetways that the former international Terminal 1 did not provide. Terminal 5 is operated by Aerocaribbean. Today, Copa Airlines is the foreign airline with most flights to the airport, operating 34 flights a week (roughly 5 daily flights) from Panama City, Panama, and Bogota, Colombia. The airport is operated by Empresa Cubana de Aeropuertos y Servicios Aeronáuticos (ECASA).

  • Airports: Playa Baracoa Airport

    Playa Baracoa Airport

    Playa Baracoa Airport serves domestic flights scheduled by the local airline Aerogaviota and is situated about 28 km west of Havana, in the village of Playa Baracoa, (Province Artemisa).

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  • Museums next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • Real Fuerza Castle Museum Real Fuerza Castle Museum

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    Museo de la Orfebreria Museo de la Orfebreria

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    National Museum of Natural History National Museum of Natural History

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  • Real Fuerza Castle Museum Real Fuerza Castle Museum

    Lat:23.14020   Lon:-82.34990 

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  • Colonial Fortress next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • Real Fuerza Castle Museum Real Fuerza Castle Museum

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    Chorrera Fortress Chorrera Fortress

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  • Car rental offices next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • Hotel Ambos Mundos Car rental officeHotel Ambos Mundos Car rental office

    Calle Obispo esq Mercaderes, Habana Vieja
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  • Gas stations next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • La Rampa Gas stations La Rampa Gas stations

    Calle 23 e Infanta, Vedado. Havana City. Cuba
    (537) 8731480/873148 2km 959m

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  • Drugstores next to Architecture: Real Fuerza Castle Museum
  • International Drugstore Hotel Sevilla Drugstore International Drugstore Hotel Sevilla Drugstore

    Calle Prado esq. a Trocadero. Havana City
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    Ave. 41 esq. a 20, Miramar. Havana City
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    International Drugstore Casa Bella Drugstore International Drugstore Casa Bella Drugstore

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    (537) 2044515 10km 046m

    International Drugstore SPA Comodoro Drugstore International Drugstore SPA Comodoro Drugstore

    Ave 3ra. y 84, Miramar. Havana City. Cuba
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  • Real Fuerza Castle Museum is located in Havana
  • Capital of Cuba and the country's administrative, political, cultural and scientific center, it is also the capital of two provinces: City of Havana and Havana. Though only around 280 square miles (727 square kilometers) in size-0.65 percent of the archipelago's total area.

    The Old Havana and system of forts led UNESCO to declare it a part of world heritage in 1982. Founded on its present site in 1519, the settlement of San Cristobal de La Habana prospered mainly due to its bay, which was a natural port of call for ships sailing to and from the New World. Starting in 1634, because of its strategic location, San Cristobal de La Habana was considered the key to the New World-as attested to by royal letters patent-and the main defense of the West Indies.

    The Cuban capital consists of an immense number of buildings in a wide range of architectural styles, built in the course of nearly five centuries. These styles range from the pre-baroque to the baroque, neo-Gothic, neoclassical, eclectic, art noveau and art-deco, to the modern.

    Alejo Carpentier, one of Cuba's most famous authors, called it "the city of columns" and focused attention on its streets, which he considered a perennially rich show of life, humanity and contrasts that was bound to entertain any observer.

    Over 14 kilometers of excellent beaches lie to the east of the Cuban capital. To the south, a green belt contributes to a healthful atmosphere.