Monument to the victims of Maine Monuments, Havana . Cuba
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- Malecon Avenue, Havana City
- Destination: Havana
- Open: Daily
This monument is located in Vedado, close to Linea and Malecon.
It was built in 1926, crowned by an imperial eagle with its winds spreaded vertically, what made that a hurricane damaged the monument, and later, the winds were placed horizontally.
The original monument had also busts of three American politicians: William McKinley, who declared the war to Spain to impede the Cuban victory, Leonardo Wood, the first administrator of the island and Theodore Roosevelt.
On January 18th, 1961 it is agreed to remove the eagle, as well as, the busts of the American politicians, and the monument remains like we seen it today. Maine was an American second class cruise. It was built in 1874. It was made of steel. It is 94 meters in length, 17 beam and of 7 draft. Its crew had 354 men.
It was commanded by Captain S.B. Sigsbee. Its explosion occurred in February 15th, 1898 and was used as a pretext by USA in the same year 1898 to declare war to Spain and intervene in the Hispanic-Cuban conflict.
The cruise had arrived to Havana three weeks before its explosion as a request of the American consul Fitzburgh Lee.
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Monument to the victims of Maine is located in Havana
Capital of Cuba and the country's administrative, political, cultural and scientific center, it is also the capital of two provinces: City of Havana and Havana. Though only around 280 square miles (727 square kilometers) in size-0.65 percent of the archipelago's total area.
The Old Havana and system of forts led UNESCO to declare it a part of world heritage in 1982. Founded on its present site in 1519, the settlement of San Cristobal de La Habana prospered mainly due to its bay, which was a natural port of call for ships sailing to and from the New World. Starting in 1634, because of its strategic location, San Cristobal de La Habana was considered the key to the New World-as attested to by royal letters patent-and the main defense of the West Indies.
The Cuban capital consists of an immense number of buildings in a wide range of architectural styles, built in the course of nearly five centuries. These styles range from the pre-baroque to the baroque, neo-Gothic, neoclassical, eclectic, art noveau and art-deco, to the modern.
Alejo Carpentier, one of Cuba's most famous authors, called it "the city of columns" and focused attention on its streets, which he considered a perennially rich show of life, humanity and contrasts that was bound to entertain any observer.
Over 14 kilometers of excellent beaches lie to the east of the Cuban capital. To the south, a green belt contributes to a healthful atmosphere.
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On the waterfront in front of the Hotel Nacional is a memorial to the 266 sailors who died when the US battleship Maine exploded in Havana harbour on Feb 15th 1898. It had been sent to protect US interests during Cuba's independence war with Spain. The iron eagle that topped the monument was knocked down by crowds after the 1959 Revolution.
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