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  • Cultural themes: Sociedad Tumba Francesa La Caridad de Oriente

    Sociedad Tumba Francesa La Caridad de Oriente, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba

    • Destination: Santiago de Cuba
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    • Address From: Santiago de Cuba
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  • Description Cultural themes: Sociedad Tumba Francesa La Caridad de Oriente, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba

    The Tumba Francesa, santiaguera tradition musician-dance, comes as representative element of the culture of the slaves of the eastren Cuban region, in particular south part: Baracoa, Guantánamo and Santiago de Cuba.

    Las Tumbas Francesas, daughters of the coffee growing, overcome thier origins to so early times as the last quarter of the XVIII century in the Island of Cuba, when the planter colonists French and franc-Haitian allowed to their endowments slaves, in particular domestic, to dance and to sing the day of the Patron Saint, or any other festivity with the master's consent.

    The name of Tumba because the etymological own meaning of the word - drum, tambú or revel - and French for the identification that their own protagonist (slaves) would keep save with the French master's culture; appropriating of some dances, attires and words of the court Versailles.

    As the dialect or language that the songs are interpreted is recognized Spanish and the Creole, with an African strong phonetics loaded by words of the French language and a deep epic sense, of rebelliousness, identity, lyricism, dramatic nature and satire.

    The women generally dress, their traditional train and princess cut dresses, with of wide necks and lace fists or embroidered corners, skirts of three big swirl, besides starched thread ‘s petticoats. The feminine head is adorned with handkerchiefs of alive well-known colors as duván and shawls. This society possesses two authentic silk shawls and a stone necklace of glass rock, used by the first queen of this Tumba Francesa.

    The men on the other hand, dress very elegant with starchy shirt, vests, tuxedo and pants of French court. All these attires always differentiated them of the rest of the black town councils in Cuba.

    From the culinary perspective, it stand out plates that have a traditional character in Cuba: the beef, meat stew, jigote, ajiaco, small pies, fritters of shellfish especially the cod, salted and sweet flour of corn, viandas boiled with garlic sauce, congrí, drinks like the punch, liquor, different rums and desserts among those that stand out the nougats, the rice pudding, etc..

    Example of this cultural tradition we have the society santiaguera of Tumba Francesa "The Charity of East" that had its origins February 24 1862 in the Caney with the name Lafayette like expression musician-dance results of one of the plantations of French masters, the one which in 1905 is already divided under society conditions and assumes the name of La Caridad de Oriente preserving the joining of the families Venet - Danger that arrives until our days in its sixth and seventh generation.

    For 1982 this society of Tumba Francesa is declared cultural focus as carrier group of the centennial traditional popular culture.

    The Society has also received important recognitions among which stands out the Premio Nacional de la Cultura Comunitaria in 2000.

    The Society of Tumba Francesa " La Caridad de Oriente ", declared November 7, 2003 for UNESCO, World Oral and Immaterial Heritage Masterpiece; it conserves in all its splendor the contributions bequeathed by the French and dahomeyana - Benin, Congo and Niger cultures - in the island of Cuba; as genuine example of the tradition and expression of the popular culture of the Cuban east.

    By the authenticity and all-round’s guarantee in the historical thing, ethnologic, anthropological, scientific, aesthetic and cultural, that possesses this carrier group of the traditional popular culture of the Cuban east: The Society of Tumba Francesa "La Caridad de Oriente", is that it’s intends its inclusion in the list of the World Heritage as expression of one of the most significant processes inherited in the Cuban and regional Caribbean culture, result of the assimilation and transculturation of historical and cultural processes linked to the presence French and African dahomeyana.

    This santiaguera tradition musician - dance inherited of the XIX century, it has the merit of preserving till the present its transmission generational, in an empiric and oral way that keeps live its spiritual and materials essences: songs, play, dances, linguistic phenomena, culinary patrimony and the most important thing, the respect for the antecedent generations, the unit and cooperation to each other and the necessity to maintain their authenticity, independently of the own dynamics of changes situational indicators of the progress.

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  • Sociedad Tumba Francesa La Caridad de Oriente is located in Santiago de Cuba
  • It limits to the north with the province of Holguín; to the west with Granma; to the south with the Caribbean Sea, and to the east with the province of Guantánamo. The province covers a total area of 6 343 21 , Km². You can get here through Antonio Maceo International Airport, also by road from any other part of Cuba, or by sea ─in this last case, requesting the services from Punta Gorda Marina.

    Two particular features characterizes Santiago de Cuba that make it exceptional: its hospitality, with people of happy and relaxed temperament and its rich historical-cultural wealth. Its Caribbean identity is evident in its popular music and in folklore manifestations. It depicts the title of Heroine City of the Republic of Cuba for the role carried out by its inhabitants in the revolutionary struggle during the decade of 1950. Privileged by its historical past, in Santiago de Cuba there are two of the Cuban places distinguished by UNESCO with the title of World Heritage: the San Pedro de la Roca Castle and the ruins of the first French coffee plantations in La Gran Piedra. The Santa Ifigenia cemetery , the 26 of July Historical Museum and the Siboney Farm, are places indissolubly linked to the history of Cuba.

    Cayo Granma and Baconao Park (Biosphere Reserve) also part of the attractiveness of this region. As a tourist destination, Santiago de Cuba, combines excellent possibilities for the enjoyment of beaches, city and nature tourism for to the places of interest in those three scenarios.

    For those who arrive in Santiago de Cuba, there are diverse lodging options in the city and in its surroundings, linked as much to the sea as to nature. With a variety of categories and levels of comfort, it will always be a guarantee for the visitors looking for harmony and soothing rest. There are other things, among so many, that make people from Santiago proud: to be the birthplace, par excellence, of almost all the musical genres of Cuba, a country where the music is soul and root; also, the carnivals that every month of July take place here, are the most spectacular in the country; as well as their rum, the well-known Fiestas del Fuego and the already traditional Festival of the Caribbean.

    The region of Santiago de Cuba has the necessary infrastructure to encourage tourism of events and congresses; it also has in its mountainous and seafaring environment the conditions to develop nature and adventure tourism, trekking, nautical activities, and health tourism. But there is nothing better than walk its undulating and narrow streets loaded with history and music at the same time.