Nobody holds the slightest doubt that the Cuban song most known in the world is Guantanamera, which has traveled all over the world with its peculiar rhythm in the voices of various artists and groups, often chanted in acts of solidarity with our country. The piece is in the repertoire of almost all the vocalists here.
The melody was created in 1929 by the Cuban composer and singer Joseito Fernández (1908-1979) and in its origins it was nothing more than a chorus to which was added improvised tenths. The story of the birth of this guajira-son began the night in which Joseito decided to close the programs of his orchestra with a tune that people loved, replacing the traditional rumba.
During 12 years and since 1948, Joseito sang on radio, with the music and chorus of Guantanamera, a daily occurrence of red chronic, which contributed greatly to raising the popularity of the song. The triumph was so large that went beyond national borders and spread to the most unexpected places and languages.
At the end of the 50s, the Cuban musician singer Héctor Angulo sang Guantanamera with the Simple Verses of José Martí at a party in the United States. There was the American folk singer Pete Seeger, who incorporated it into his repertoire and released to the world on June 8th 1963 at a concert in the Carnegie Hall in New York, as a gesture of solidarity with the Cuban Revolution.
Joseito Fernández was and is one of the most beloved musicians in the country, not only by success and the universality of Guantanamera, but also for their loyalty to the land where he was born. He was author, also, of acts as well known as a song called "Elige tú que canto yo", popularized by the immortal Cuban singer Benny Moré.
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