Province: Provincia Granma, Granma. Cuba
The rich historical traditions, the fascinating contrast of its landscapes (combining sea, mountains and fertile planes) and its prodigal nature are the biggest attractions which support the incipient tourism development of the Province of Granma, an extensive plane divided into two by the mountains of La Sierra Maestra, irrigated by the long Cauto River and covering 8 362 km2 of the southeast portion of the Island of Cuba. This territory contains 48% of all the historical sites of the Cuban archipelago and its own capital city, Bayamo, was awarded the condition of National Monument. It was the second villa founded by the Spanish colonizers (1513); and had the privilege to be declared the capital of the Republic in Arms, only ten days after of the beginning, in La Demajagua, of the Cuban war for independence (October 10, 1868). With the menacing possibility of falling in the hands of military forces of the metropolis, its inhabitants decided to burn it (January 12, 1869) to leave them only the ashes of the brave villa. Bayamo must indeed be toured on one of the carriages pulled by horses, which are the transportation means of excellence of a city that preserves in its historic center the plaza (October 20, 1868) where the National Anthem was sung for the first time; the house of Cuban Nationality; and the Parroquial Church of San Salvador de Bayamo, which preserves with jealousy the only fresco in any of the churches of the Island inspired in a patriotic event, and where the Chapel of Dolores (1740) remains open for visitors to see its baroque altarpiece, one of the most beautiful in the country. The natal house of the Father of the Homeland, Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, the Santo Domingo Convent, or the well-known Ventana de la Luz de Velázquez, where the first Cuban Trova Song, La Bayamesa, was sung; are some other attractions of a place where a nearby monument, in Dos Ríos, reminds us of the exact place where our National Hero, died in combat on May 19, 1895. In the outskirts of the town of Guisa, the Botanical Garden of Cupaynicú extends an invitation for the visitors, while the ruins of the Sugar Mill La Demajagua call for a stop on the way to Manzanillo, coast city washed by the waters of the Gulf of Guacanayabo, surrounded by stories of pirates, and whose Moorish plaza constitutes without a doubt its most distinctive characteristic. Two National Parks: Desembarco del Granma and Sierra Maestra meet at the limits of this province. The first one covers 27 545 hectares and its main attraction is the best preserved system of marine terraces of the archipelago and is recognized by UNESCO as one of the most representative ones at the international level.The Hoyo de Marlotte (Hole of Marlotte) -77 meters deep and 52 meters wide- and the Cave of Fustete are two of the biggest attractions of this park, where there are more than 200 species of plants (10 are exclusive of this place), and where one of the few virgin forests of the country is preserved in the Royal Cove. Eight, natural and historical, espeleoarcheological pathways and routes have been opened in areas of this National Park. One of them covers 22 kilometers between the mangrove swamp of Las Coloradas and the sugar cane plantations of Alegría de Pío, which led the way of the crew members of the Granma Yacht who, under the command of Fidel Castro, disembarked in this area on December 2 of the year 1956. In the great National Park of Sierra Maestra (527 000 hectares) you can visit the main tourism resort of Granma: Marea del Portillo, a beach of quiet and clean waters, and gray sand, located in a cove that shows its beauty under the protection of the mountains of La Sierra Maestra and the surrounding coconut and palm trees. There are in Marea del Portillo 17 diving sites, out of which, the most attractive ones are located in the area of Cape Cruz. Nevertheless, to fully enjoy the stay at this place, besides taking baths of sun and sea, it is imprescindible to walk along the pathways that lead to the waterfalls of Rivers Cilantro and Las Yaguas, and plan an excursion to Cayo Blanco, a very small isle located only 500 meters away from the beach. This key is considered by those who have seen it, a perfect place for romantics and lovers.
Mapa de Provincia Granma
GranmaProvincia Granma it is located in the province of Granma.
Granma is the Cuban province located in the most southern area of the archipelago, and is made of hills and coast. Its savage nature and its geographic location do not put it in the first position in the rank of places to visit, although it is worth enjoying its wild landscape, its shop of saints and the authenticity of the Cuban street dances that each Saturday are celebrated on the city as it was a ritual. The music of the organs by night and the appetizing smell of food float in the Caribbean night.
Granma is a synonym of patriotism and the gith, since on it was declared the First Cuban Independence War, after Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Father of the Nation, decided to free his slaves in the ranch of La Demajagua th 10th October 1868.
In 1895, he was shot to death by José Martí, who decided to begin the revolution that had been developed in the island against the North American oppression.
However, the most heard episode was the defeat of Fidel Castro by Batista’s Army on the 2nd December 1956, few days after they arrived at the province. Although this failure, twelve men could escape, among them Che Guevara and Fidel, and they hide in the mountains of Sierra Maestra Range, where they established their headquarters, Comandancia de La Plata. This is located in a perfect condition of preservation, and is a very interesting place to visit, since there Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and their men planned the strategies which will lead them to the victory of the Cuban Revolution in 1959.
Currently, several museums preserve some archaeological remains of some aboriginal cultures, especially the most developed one, the Taíno.
Nowadays the economy of Granma has its foundation in the growing of rice, sugar cane, coffee and cocoa. This variety of food is possible thanks to the geographic differences of the land and the climate that you can find in the province. Also the breeding of cattle is a decisive factor in the economical working of the province.
However, the locals do not forget the times when Granma was a key piece in the commerce between pirates and ranchers.
The best time to visit Granma depends on your preferences; if you like sun and beach, then the best months to visit it are January and February, since in this season the Marea del Portillo is the warmest area in the island. The first months of the year in Marea del Portillo are the guarantee of good weather and unforgettable times in the beach.
On the contrary, if you prefer the mountain and go to trips by mysterious spots, the best time is between March and April, when the climate of Sierra Maestra Range is neither so wet, nor the night so cold. Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo (a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo) and Pilón. The province takes its name from the yacht Granma, used by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with 82 guerrillas on December 2nd, 1956; until 1976 the area formed part of the larger "Oriente Province". The American who sold the guerillas the secondhand yacht in Mexico apparently had named it "Granma" ("Granma", more usually "Grandma", is an affectionate term for a grandmother) after his grandmother. The name of the vessel became an icon for Cuban communism.
The province is full of reminders of the Cuban Revolution, and of the Cuban Wars of Independence; plaques in the mountain commemorate the 1959 struggle against Fulgencio Batista. Other sites, unmarked, include archaeological digs, the sites of several palenques, and the fortified hamlets of escaped slaves. In 2005 Hurricane Dennis destroyed the site of Castro's headquarters at La Plata. There are numerous abandoned gold, silver, and manganese mine sites.
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