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Zapata Swamp

Zapata Swamp

|    PROVINCE: MATANZAS
Scuba Diving
Zapata Swamp National Park
Endemic Birds
Guama
Playa Giron

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MORE ABOUT ZAPATA SWAMP DESTINATION

Description

The Zapata Peninsula, one of the most important ecosystems in Cuba and the largest swamp reserve in the Caribbean, is situated in southern Matanzas. It features exceptional species of flora and fauna, many of which are endemic.,

The Montemar Great Natural Park is located in the peninsula. Here, you will find beaches, woods, mangrove swamps, rivers, lakes, flooded caves that open on the sea, natural pools and a seabed of particular beauty. In short, it is an ideal place for day and night scuba diving by both beginners and experienced divers, including the exploration of marine caves.,

One of the park's main attractions is its cave system, which extends along the coast for 70 km (over 43 miles). The roof of some of these caverns has caved in, turning them into semicircular lakes called "cenotes".,

The park is also an excellent place to go hiking, horseback riding and boating. In addition, many animals live here, and the international flyways of several kinds of birds go over the park, so you can see both native and migratory species.,

While in you are in the area, Guamá -a restored Taino Indian village on Laguna del Tesoro (Treasure Lake)-, the crocodile-breeding center and the Playa Girón (Bay of Pigs) Museum are musts.

Ornithologists say that the Zapata Peninsula is one of the best place for birdwatching in Cuba. 280 of the 350 species of birds that have been reported in Cuba -62 percent of the total- can be seen on the Peninsula. In general, the ornithofauna of this area constitutes 86 are resident permanent of our country, 104 migratory and 28 bimodal resident. It is of highlighting the great wealth of endemic species of the Marsh of Zapata, since it harbors 20 of them that constitute 78% of the endemic birds of our country.

In this area they are also, six of the seven Cuban endemic Goods and three endemic local the Fermina, the Gallinuela of Santo Tomas and the subspecies of the Goatherd of the Swamp T. i. inexpectata. Keeping in mind the birds in extinction danger reported for Cuba by LLanes et to the one. (2002), live 22 species in the Cienaga de Zapata that represent 55% in the threatened ways of birds of our country, being nine endemic, standing out the goods Cyanolimnas, Ferminia, Torreornis and Starnoenas.

Between December and April Zapata is home to numerous North American migrants, particularly warblers. This is the time to come for great displays of water birds, including Caribbean Flamingo, Roseate Spoonbill, Herons, Ibis, Jacana, Anhinga, Night-Heron, Belted Kingfisher, Grebe, Coots, Gallinules, Limpkin, Clapper, Spotted and King Rails, Sora, Wilson’s Plover , Yellow-breasted Crake and Chuck-wills Widow.

Raptors are well represented with Snail Kite, American Kestrel and Common Black, Grub and Bautista Hawk, the rare Gundlach’s Hawk, Bare-legged Owl or Cuban Screech-Owl and Cuban Pygmy-Owl, Bare-legged and Stygian Owl and Greater Antillean (Cuban) Nightjar.

To know about car rental offices in this destination click here.

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