Granma | Province: Granma
- More about Granma destination
- Description: Granma
The territory limits to the north with the provinces of Las Tunas and Holguín; to the west with the Gulf of Guacanayabo; to the south with the Caribbean Sea, and to the east with Santiago de Cuba. It has more than 760 000 inhabitants in its 8 470 , Km2 of territorial extension.
There are two airports: Sierra Maestra, located in Manzanillo for international operations, and Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, in Bayamo, for domestic flights. By road, the Central Highway links Granma with the other cities of the country. The Sierra Maestra majestic mountains, main mountainous group of Cuba, the intense blue colour of the Caribbean Sea and the fertile plains bathed by rivers coming from the high mountains present Granma as presenting a wide range of contrasts. "Desembarco del Granma" National Park is within the limits of this province, declared by UNESCO, as World Natural Site.
The province is known as the Birthplace of Cuban Nationality and preserves a rich historical and cultural heritage. It was in this city where the National Anthem of Cuba was sung for the first time. In this region is indispensable to visit Desembarco del Granma National Park, with its very interesting natural phenomena and areas of exceptional beauty. There are also other places to be visited, such as La Demajagua Park, where on October 10th, 1868, the Cuban struggles for independence began; Manzanillo, a coastal city wrapped in an atmosphere of pirates and corsairs' legends, and Bayamo, provincial capital and National Monument.
A stay at Marea del Portillo hotel, with a beach that draws attention for the dark colour of its sand, is ideal to discover the charms of Cayo Blanco, a place of suggestive sea bottoms; to enter the impressive system of marine terraces or to come closer to the natural and archaeological reservation El Guafe. Excursions to its mountainous system are one of the biggest attractiveness, for the visitor has the possibility to go into one of the more preserved, intimate, and better places of Cuban nature.
Tourist Pole in Granma. Cuba
BayamoLat:20.38167 Lon:-76.64250 See Google Map
I have, from Bayamo, its soul intrepid and natural", wrote Cuban National Hero José Martí about this city from eastern Cuba. Founded by Adelantado Diego Velázquez with the name of San Salvador de Bayamo as the second village of the Spaniards in the island in 1513, this captivating city treasures a valuable historical patrimony. "Espejo de Paciencia"
Carlos Manuel de Cespedes AirportLat:20.39639 Lon:-76.62139 See Google Map
Bayamo airport (BYM - Carlos Manuel de Cespedes) A place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo.
El YareyLat:21.07472 Lon:-76.26000 See Google Map
ManzanilloLat:20.33972 Lon:-77.10861 See Google Map
Manzanillo, disputed by pirates and corsairs, opens up to the Gulf of Guacanayabo, while in the background we discover the simple nature of its residents and the spell of its green landscape
Sierra Maestra AirportLat:20.28889 Lon:-77.08667 See Google Map
Sierra Maestra Airport (IATA: MZO, ICAO: MUMZ):is a regional airport that serves the town of Manzanillo in Cuba.
Ceiba HuecaLat:20.21667 Lon:-77.33333 See Google Map
NiqueroLat:20.04722 Lon:-77.57806 See Google Map
Niquero is a municipality and city in the Granma Province of Cuba. It is located in the coastal region of the province, bordering the Gulf of Guacanayabo. Cape Cruz (Cabo Cruz), the westermost point of the province is located in this municipality. The municipality is divided into the barrios of Belic, Gorito, Jagua, Norte, Platanito, Sevilla, Sur and Vicana.
Las ColoradasLat:19.93333 Lon:-77.68333 See Google Map
Coloradas Beach, where, on. December 2nd, 1956, disembarked the expeditionary rebels coming aboard Granma Yacht led by. Fidel Castro
Cabo CruzLat:19.84183 Lon:-77.72786 See Google Map
There are in Marea del Portillo 17 diving sites, out of which, the most attractive ones are located in the area of Cape Cruz. Nevertheless, to fully enjoy the stay at this place, besides taking baths of sun and sea, it is imprescindible to walk along the pathways that lead to the waterfalls of Rivers
PilonLat:19.90556 Lon:-77.32083 See Google Map
Marea del PortilloLat:19.91485 Lon:-77.20141 See Google Map
Marea del Portillo Beach, with its pristine and warm waters and thin brown sand, is an ideal place for those interested in rare landscapes. The beach is located on a cove and protected by the Sierra Maestra mountain range..
Villa Santo DomingoLat:20.04327 Lon:-76.90535 See Google Map
High up in the Sierra Maestra mountain range is a picturesque tourist villa that promises a pleasant stay to all visitors: Villa Izlazul Santo Domingo. Situated along the Yara River, from its cabanas you can hear the rushing of the river and the melodious chirping of birds. You can enjoy mule and horseback riding, hikes and walks along trails of historic and natural
Bartolome MasoLat:20.16861 Lon:-76.94250 See Google Map
Desembarco del Granma National ParkLat:19.86990 Lon:-77.70520 See Google Map
Declared by UNESCO Natural Site of Humanity, it invites you to enjoy one of the most impressive landscapes of Isle, with notable values regarding flora and fauna and geomorphologic features. It is located in the western part of Granma Province
Turquino National ParkLat:19.98800 Lon:-76.83520 See Google Map
It is located in the mountain range of Sierra Maestra and covers an area of 17 450 hectares of the eastern provinces. This park treasures the highest mountains in Cuba: Pico Real del Turquino with 1 974 meters above sea level, Pico Suecia with 1 734, and Pico Cuba with 1 872. Climbing any of theses peaks is an exciting and unique experience that will enable excursionists to contact the wild nature…
- Hotel in Granma Cuba
Granma is the Cuban province located in the most southern area of the archipelago, and is made of hills and coast. Its savage nature and its geographic location do not put it in the first position in the rank of places to visit, although it is worth enjoying its wild landscape, its shop of saints and the authenticity of the Cuban street dances that each Saturday are celebrated on the city as it was a ritual. The music of the organs by night and the appetizing smell of food float in the Caribbean night.
Granma is a synonym of patriotism and the gith, since on it was declared the First Cuban Independence War, after Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Father of the Nation, decided to free his slaves in the ranch of La Demajagua th 10th October 1868.
In 1895, he was shot to death by José Martí, who decided to begin the revolution that had been developed in the island against the North American oppression.
However, the most heard episode was the defeat of Fidel Castro by Batista’s Army on the 2nd December 1956, few days after they arrived at the province. Although this failure, twelve men could escape, among them Che Guevara and Fidel, and they hide in the mountains of Sierra Maestra Range, where they established their headquarters, Comandancia de La Plata. This is located in a perfect condition of preservation, and is a very interesting place to visit, since there Fidel Castro, Che Guevara and their men planned the strategies which will lead them to the victory of the Cuban Revolution in 1959.
Currently, several museums preserve some archaeological remains of some aboriginal cultures, especially the most developed one, the Taíno.
Nowadays the economy of Granma has its foundation in the growing of rice, sugar cane, coffee and cocoa. This variety of food is possible thanks to the geographic differences of the land and the climate that you can find in the province. Also the breeding of cattle is a decisive factor in the economical working of the province.
However, the locals do not forget the times when Granma was a key piece in the commerce between pirates and ranchers.
The best time to visit Granma depends on your preferences; if you like sun and beach, then the best months to visit it are January and February, since in this season the Marea del Portillo is the warmest area in the island. The first months of the year in Marea del Portillo are the guarantee of good weather and unforgettable times in the beach.
On the contrary, if you prefer the mountain and go to trips by mysterious spots, the best time is between March and April, when the climate of Sierra Maestra Range is neither so wet, nor the night so cold. Granma is one of the provinces of Cuba. Its capital is Bayamo. Other towns include Manzanillo (a port on the Gulf of Guacanayabo) and Pilón. The province takes its name from the yacht Granma, used by Che Guevara and Fidel Castro to land in Cuba with 82 guerrillas on December 2nd, 1956; until 1976 the area formed part of the larger "Oriente Province". The American who sold the guerillas the secondhand yacht in Mexico apparently had named it "Granma" ("Granma", more usually "Grandma", is an affectionate term for a grandmother) after his grandmother. The name of the vessel became an icon for Cuban communism.
The province is full of reminders of the Cuban Revolution, and of the Cuban Wars of Independence; plaques in the mountain commemorate the 1959 struggle against Fulgencio Batista. Other sites, unmarked, include archaeological digs, the sites of several palenques, and the fortified hamlets of escaped slaves. In 2005 Hurricane Dennis destroyed the site of Castro's headquarters at La Plata. There are numerous abandoned gold, silver, and manganese mine sites.