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Alexander Von Humboldt National Park, Cuba

Description: Alexander Von Humboldt National Park

Located in the northern part of Guantanamo and Holguin Provinces, in eastern Cuba, this park covers an area of 59,400 hectares. UNESCO has declared it to be a part of world natural heritage, for the flora and fauna here exhibit the greatest biodiversity in the country and this is the largest remaining mountain ecosystem in Cuba.

This park has tremendous values: both biological and in terms of physical geography, this is the region in Cuba with the greatest precipitation (up to 134 inches [3400 millimeters] a year) and largest river (the Toa). The climate and the fact that this is an old mountain range are the main factors that have given rise to a group of ecosystems that are unique in Cuba, with distinctive flora and fauna.

The park contains 16 of the 28 plant formations to be found in Cuba: three Cuban rain forest formations; low cloudy forests; shrub woods; Pinus cubensis pine woods; mesophyll evergreen forests; semi-deciduous forests; gallery forests; microphyll evergreen forests; coastal xeromorphic thickets; thorny xeromorphic thickets on serpentine (cuabal); mangrove thickets; and complexes of sandy, rocky and hillock coastal vegetation. Such diversity of formations doesn’t exist anywhere else on the island. The area also contains the highest percentage of endemic species (between 70 and 80 percent) in the country, more than 150 of which are locally endemic.

The fauna have been less studied, but there are large, well-structured communities. Moreover, the area is the final refuge of two endangered Cuban species of vertebrates: solenodons (Solenodon cubanus), primitive insectivorous mammals that are considered living fossils, and Cuban Kites (Chondrohierax wilson).

Mapa de Alexander Von Humboldt National Park

Other Destinitation to Visit


El Yunque

Alexander Von Humboldt National Park it is located in the province of Guantanamo.

Guantánamo is the eastern most province of Cuba. Its capital is also called Guantánamo. Other towns include Baracoa. The province has the only land border of the important U.S. Navy base at Guantánamo Bay. Guantánamo's architecture and culture is unlike the rest of Cuba. The province is only 80 kilometres (50 mi) away from Haiti at its closest point, across the Windward Passage (close enough to see lights on Haiti on a clear night). Guantánamo also has a high number of immigrants from Jamaica. Many buildings are comparable to those of the French Quarter of New Orleans in the U.S. stateof Louisiana.

The Nipe-Sagua-Baracoa mountains dominate the province, dividing both climate and landscape. The northern coast, battered by prevailing winds, is the wettest part of the country, while the south, sheltered and dry, is the hottest. The north is characterized by rainforests, while the south is arid and has many cacti. The province of Guantánamo is the Eastern one in Cuba. It is characterized by having a mountain surface which provoked the isolation of the rest of the island for more than four centuries.

Known by the establishment of the US Naval Base in the village of Caimanera in 1902, this beautiful land counts with great impressive places where you can enjoy an unforgettable holidays. The location of the place has promoted the characterization of the province by its beautiful virgin beaches such as Playa Duaba Beach, Playa Nibujon Beach or Playa Maguana Beach; well-preserved natural reservations such as the Alejandro de Humboldt, Boca de Yumurí or the Yunque National Parks, and the cities founded by the Spanish such is the colonial city of Baracoa and Guantánamo.

The colonial city of Baracoa is the most visited one, standing out its fortresses which surround it as the Matachín Fort, the Punta Fort or the Seboruco Castle. Currently, the communication infrastructures are good in this province, since it counts with two airports and an important road with the Farola Viaduct, a true engineering work.

Visit one of the most famous unknown areas of Cuba and discover its absorbing history and the beauty of its nature which is part of its spot.

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