The History of Sancti Spiritus, Sancti Spiritus. Cuba
- Destination: Sancti Spiritus
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- Address From: Sancti Spiritus Province. Cuba
Description Cultural themes: The History of Sancti Spiritus, Sancti Spiritus. Cuba
Sancti Spíritus was one of the first seven towns founded by Spanish conqueror Diego Velázquez in the island. After the founding of Bayamo, the second town, he decided to build that of La Santísima Trinidad and another, which he would call Espíritu Santo (Holy Ghost), around 1514, becoming a new populated area in the site known as Cayo de la Iglesia.
There are different versions as to the causes for transferring the town to another territory, but the fact is that, in 1522, it became the town of Yayabo once it was moved to the surroundings of a river bearing the same name, exactly where it is nowadays.
As part of the central region, the economy of the province collapsed in the 19th century when western landowners and industrials managed to modernize the processes for obtaining sugar thanks to the introduction of the steam engine and the advantages of railroad transportation. Although Sancti Spíritus and Trinidad had good sugar mills, they could not compete with those of the west.
In 1868, the Ten-Year War started and at the beginning of 1875 the independence forces, coming from the province of Oriente, started the invasion of Las Villas in order to take war westward. Formed by about 1000 men, the force was led by General Máximo Gómez. On January 6, 1875, they entered the territory of Las Villas and several battles took place in the territories of Sancti Spíritus, Manicaragua, Cienfuegos, and others. The campaign could not be taken to a happy ending this time, owing to division, regionalism as well as indiscipline of the troops which cause them to disperse. However, patriots like Serafín Sánchez, Leocadio Bonachea, and Carlos Roloff engaged in a guerrilla fight against the Spanish columns.
In the war of 1895, in the heroic quest of the east-west invasion, Sancti Spíritus Fourth Corps, commanded by General Serafín Sánchez, joined the invasion forces and proved the same courage and discipline of the previous war. From their arrival on December 3, the invasion forces counted on the heroism of the insurrectionists who struggled courageously in Sancti Spíritus and Trinidad.
In the liberation war that ended with the triumph of the revolution on January 1st, 1959, the province of Sancti Spíritus played an important role: they gave an extraordinary support to the invasion troops commanded by Ernesto Che Guevara, which allowed them to take over the cities of Cabaiguán and Sancti Spíritus and other territories, which opposed no resistance, on December 21. All those actions paved the way for attaining the main objective of the invasion forces: the takeover of Santa Clara.
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The History of Sancti Spiritus is located in Sancti Spiritus
Cuba Sancti Spiritus Cuba The settlement of Espiritu Santo-now Sancti Spiritus-is the birthplace of troubadours and one of the Cuban cities where it is easiest to enjoy Nature. It is in the center of the island, near Lake Zaza, important tobacco-growing areas and the mountains.
Its symbol is the Yayabo Bridge, which spans the Yayabo River, on whose banks the old city sprawls. From the bridge, you can see lovely colonial mansions. The Parroquial Mayor (Main Parish) Church is the pride of the townspeople, for it is proof of the antiquity of the settlement-which became a city through royal decree in 1867. Strolling through the city streets, you will be enfolded in a sense of great peace.
Birthplace of troubadours: Songs written in Sancti Spiritus speak of a traditional musical spirit, which is particularly evident in the House of Music and Troubadours' House Cuba Sancti Spiritus Cuba.