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Description Architecture: Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion Cathedral, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba
The Cathedral and Church "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción", arises at the beginning of the XVI century in the village of Baracoa once founded the same one. This Church for that time parochial was known with the name of La Iglesia Parroquial de la Villa de Baracoa.
After Diego Velázquez requested the creation in Cuba of a Bishopric, it was granted in 1516, being ordered that the same one resided in Baracoa. At the same time the Parochial Church existent in the village was high to the range of Cathedral Church, with the name of Nuestra Señora de la Asunción. Cathedral Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion
April 28 1522, a bull of the Pontiff Alejandro VI, transferred to the village of Santiago de Cuba the Bishopric, elevated the Church to the range of Cathedral of the Island and Religious Center of Lousiana and Florida; which conserved the name of the Church of the village of Baracoa “Nuestra Señora de la Asunción".
For Cathedral was taken Santa Catalina's Hermitage, because it was the only one. But the same one lacked of conditions and therefore, it was began the construction of the first Cathedral (of Guano) immediately. There’s not existe ay information about the place of building, but it is knows when this work was done in 1526 and that one year later it was destroyed by a fire.
In this same year it was designated as Bishop from Cuba, the Dominican Frair Miguel Ramírez de Salamanca who in 1528 beginning the works of construction of the new cathedral. This time it was built of stone, guided of this to west, at a cost of 50 000 dukedoms, in the grounds that today occupies the current church, that was a elevation surrounded of several houses. It concluded in 1555.
In this social conglomerate during the XVI and XVII centuries the cultural life was extremely limited. During the XVI century the education decreased to the work of a small dependent school of the Cathedral Church "Nuestra Señora de la Asunción". In this school like teacher acted the first Cuban of that profession that is known: the priest Miguel Velázquez, a mestizo, Indian son and Spanish son, and about him it was said that he was a learned and virtuoso man.
Cathedral Nuestra Señora de la Asuncion
In 1553, Jacques de Sores attacked the city and he demanded the amount of 80 000 pesos for not destroying the Cathedral. In 1562 it suffered the first attack of French corsairs, leaving the temple roofless and disabling the cult. In 1586, it was plundered again by the pirates, plunder that’s repeats in 1603, and this time sets on fire it. Twenty-five years later, in 1628, it was repaired and open to the cult.
In 1653, to expense of Don Juan Alvarez Salgado, the biggest Chapel was built. The pirates Henry Morgan and Dolleys, in 1662, burn it and plunder it, and they stolen until the bells of the temple. In 1663, It was tried to repair the damages, but it is not up to 1671 that reconstruction of the Second Cathedral begins using the goods of the church of Jamaica that it was English possession; and the works are inaugurated February 24 1674 by Presbítero Francisco Ramos.
With great difficult inaugurated, the same year, it had big damages because of an earthquake that forced to close it to the cult. February 11 1678, between 9 and 10 in the morning, another violent earthquake destroyed the biggest Chapel and it provokes big damages in the body of the building. A year later, in 1679, a hurricane and an earthquake crumble the remains of this Second Cathedral. In 1686, the Bishop Diego Aselino de Compostela begins the construction of a new building that it went open to the cult without finishing in 1690 (Third Cathedral).
At the beginning of the XVIII century, in 1719, it had big repairs, and in 1760, when the arrived of the Bishop Pedro Agustín Morel de Santa Cruz de Lara, it were installed the four piles of holy water that today is still conserved in the church. June 11 1766, at 11:45 in the night, the city shivered for one of the most violent earthquakes happened in Santiago de Cuba. The Main and Assistant Chapels were in ruins and for the cult in La Plaza de Armas a straw house was enabled and it was given by its owner Francisco Fuente.
A lot of intents were made to build a new cathedral, it was necessary demolish the ruined building, buy the surrounding properties, make designs, etc. August 1810, 15, the first stone is finally placed of what would be the Fourth and final Cathedral of Santiago de Cuba. It would be guided from north to south and it would have five naves. The works lasted eight years, culminating April 24 1818. It occupies a surface of 2 115 square métros
The earthquake of August 20 1852 ruins the lateral naves, the half orange and the towers, being broken the bells. These damages were repaired soon. May 26 1874 are placed the clock, in the highest point in the city. This idea belonged to the siblings Don Tácito and José Bueno who suggested it to the Governor of the Square, in that time the Brigadier Don Sabas María.
February 15 1882 Pope León XIII grants to the Metropolitan Cathedral church the Basílica Menor title. In 1922 it is added a body to each tower, and the angel is placed on the central part; two adornment also opened up and Cristóbal Colón and Padre Las Casas statues were placed. The interior of the temple was beautified, the átrio was narrowed, etc.
In 1932, a new earthquake causes damages in the building, the towers crack and the construction collapses. In 1950 the old chapel of the Sacrarium was suppressed. In 1958, for Presidential Ordinance No. 93 of January 16 was declared National Monument.
December 28 1963 were inaugurated in this cathedral the Ecclesiastic Museum, created by initiative of the reverend Father José Vicente López. The cathedral, at the moment, occupies a surface of 4 260 square metres. Its main facade is of approximately, 27 metres in the front by 34 metres of bottom. The most important traditional religious activity is the procession of the Corpus Cristi, that was carried out the days of Holy Week, that day the national flag was hoisted in all the fortresses, as well as in the Town Council.
Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion Cathedral Map
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Nuestra Senora de la Asuncion Cathedral is located in Santiago de Cuba
It limits to the north with the province of Holguín; to the west with Granma; to the south with the Caribbean Sea, and to the east with the province of Guantánamo. The province covers a total area of 6 343 21 , Km². You can get here through Antonio Maceo International Airport, also by road from any other part of Cuba, or by sea â”€in this last case, requesting the services from Punta Gorda Marina.
Two particular features characterizes Santiago de Cuba that make it exceptional: its hospitality, with people of happy and relaxed temperament and its rich historical-cultural wealth. Its Caribbean identity is evident in its popular music and in folklore manifestations. It depicts the title of Heroine City of the Republic of Cuba for the role carried out by its inhabitants in the revolutionary struggle during the decade of 1950. Privileged by its historical past, in Santiago de Cuba there are two of the Cuban places distinguished by UNESCO with the title of World Heritage: the San Pedro de la Roca Castle and the ruins of the first French coffee plantations in La Gran Piedra. The Santa Ifigenia cemetery , the 26 of July Historical Museum and the Siboney Farm, are places indissolubly linked to the history of Cuba.
Cayo Granma and Baconao Park (Biosphere Reserve) also part of the attractiveness of this region. As a tourist destination, Santiago de Cuba, combines excellent possibilities for the enjoyment of beaches, city and nature tourism for to the places of interest in those three scenarios.
For those who arrive in Santiago de Cuba, there are diverse lodging options in the city and in its surroundings, linked as much to the sea as to nature. With a variety of categories and levels of comfort, it will always be a guarantee for the visitors looking for harmony and soothing rest. There are other things, among so many, that make people from Santiago proud: to be the birthplace, par excellence, of almost all the musical genres of Cuba, a country where the music is soul and root; also, the carnivals that every month of July take place here, are the most spectacular in the country; as well as their rum, the well-known Fiestas del Fuego and the already traditional Festival of the Caribbean.
The region of Santiago de Cuba has the necessary infrastructure to encourage tourism of events and congresses; it also has in its mountainous and seafaring environment the conditions to develop nature and adventure tourism, trekking, nautical activities, and health tourism. But there is nothing better than walk its undulating and narrow streets loaded with history and music at the same time.
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nuestra senora de la asuncion cathedral
This historic church was built in 1833 on the site of an older church. It houses the famous Parra Cross, which is believed to be the only material evidence of Christopher Columbus arriving here in 1492.