Captain Generals Palacio Architecture, Havana . Cuba
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- Tacon Street between Obispo and O`Relly, Havana City. Cuba
- Destination: Havana
- Open: Daily
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One of the most important architectural monuments in Old Havana, of a neat Baroque style, is the ancient Captains Generals Palace’s, venue to the Spaniard Colonial Government in Cuba for over 100 years and main civil construction in the Plaza de Armas. It is located in the historical site of the city 50 meters from the seashore.
It was the residence of the top colonial authorities from 1791 to 1898 and presidential palace from 1902, year in which the Neocolonial Republic settled in the island, until 1920 and Mayor’s office from 1920 to 1950 in Havana.
Its collections recreate a panorama of the city history since its establishment to the present. The most important halls are dedicated to the Independence Wars in Cuba of the Spaniard Metropolis. Among these is the Flags Hall, that exhibits the original national flag, and the hall that shows how Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, considered the Father of the Homeland started the first independent strike on October 10th , 1868. In this room the flags that Spain held during the days of the colony are also in exhibition.
King Juan Carlos went on a tour in the museum in 1999, as part of his visit to the island as he attended the 9th Latin American Summit.
Highlights of the exposition, because of their value and beauty, are the pieces of art, paintings, porcelain, silvered and bronzed goods and furniture.
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Captain Generals Palacio is located in Havana
Capital of Cuba and the country's administrative, political, cultural and scientific center, it is also the capital of two provinces: City of Havana and Havana. Though only around 280 square miles (727 square kilometers) in size-0.65 percent of the archipelago's total area.
The Old Havana and system of forts led UNESCO to declare it a part of world heritage in 1982. Founded on its present site in 1519, the settlement of San Cristobal de La Habana prospered mainly due to its bay, which was a natural port of call for ships sailing to and from the New World. Starting in 1634, because of its strategic location, San Cristobal de La Habana was considered the key to the New World-as attested to by royal letters patent-and the main defense of the West Indies.
The Cuban capital consists of an immense number of buildings in a wide range of architectural styles, built in the course of nearly five centuries. These styles range from the pre-baroque to the baroque, neo-Gothic, neoclassical, eclectic, art noveau and art-deco, to the modern.
Alejo Carpentier, one of Cuba's most famous authors, called it "the city of columns" and focused attention on its streets, which he considered a perennially rich show of life, humanity and contrasts that was bound to entertain any observer.
Over 14 kilometers of excellent beaches lie to the east of the Cuban capital. To the south, a green belt contributes to a healthful atmosphere.
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The palace's colonial ambience is maintained even today and is one of the most representative examples of Cuban baroque architecture. Aside from having been one of the largest colonial structures of its time, it was also the site of the City Council of Havana for 176 years. The main courtyard and galleries lead to the different display rooms in what is now the City Museum. The tours begins with a visit to the old Council Chamber and the palace quarters and concludes in the rooms that depict the War of Independence from Spain and the early years of the Republic.
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