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Plaza de Marte o Plaza de la Libertad Squares, Santiago de Cuba. Cuba

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  • Calles Victoriano Garzón, Pérez Carbó, Aguilera y Plácido. Santiago de Cuba City
  • Destination: Santiago de Cuba
  • Open: Daily
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La Plaza de Marte, also call The Square of La Libertad, is one of the central urban spaces of this city, arisen at the end of the XVIII century, as consequence of the extensive logical development for the east part of the city.

This popular square is located in one of the most central and higher points in this "old" city, it occupies an oval space up to 5 000m2.

It was a terraced area of irregular borders where the troops of the metropolises had trained, and so its name of Campo de Marte (in allusion to the God of the war in the Greek mythology).

It is also known that in the beginnings of the XIX century (1799) it was placed the fork for the execution from the convicts to death, act that infused fear to the neighbors for what the decition of its elimination was taken in 1833.

In 1860 it was conformed like square for the recess and the population's esparcimiento in the lands given by the Captain of Militias José María Villalón and, in the second half of the XIX century a fountain was placed with the Minerva goddess's statue. With the first celebration of October 10 in Santiago de Cuba was became into The Republic's symbol.

This square was scenario of the first celebration of the facts of October 10 1868. For municipal agreement, June 12, 1899 were given the name of Plaza de La Libertad, although the santiagueros followed it calling La Plaza de Marte.

In 1902 the source of Minerva was disassembled and in this same place it was placed, as homage to the Liberator Army (Ejercito Libertador), the column of Los Veteranos that shows in the peak the phrygian cap, unit symbol, independence and sovereignty of the Republic.
Plaza de Marte

La Plaza de Marte started to have a boom at the beginning of this same century when they installed several trades, hotels, the Clinic Los Ángeles and the Normal School, among other constructions araund, that nowadays keeps its services.

In 1907 after the installation of a railroad in miniature and the marine wave, it became on the point of attraction for the population of then.

With the tram in 1908 La Plaza de Marte was divided in two areas and in the last years of the decade of 20 and beginnings of 30 a free market free of agricultural products was installed.

In the decade of 40 this public space acquires its current neoclassicist image. A remodeling that incorporates semicircular pergolas on the north and south wingers and a hemicycle that it works as scenario’s species or tribune for diverse activities.

With the arrival of the XX century several commemorative sculptures were placed inside the park, in homage to heroes of the independence wars.

The Provincial Council of East erected in 1912 a monument of height of 5 up to 10 meters to the General Joaquín Castillo Duany. To the other side, in the same date, another one dedicated to General Francisco Sánchez Hechavarría was placed, governor of Oriente in that moment. And also here it pay tribute to Perucho Figueredo, author of the National Cuban Hymn.

After the victory of the Revolution in 1959, in La Plaza de Marte in front of the Column of the Veteran ones and before the arbors, a Camilo Cienfuego Gorriarán, José Martí and Orlando Fernández Monte de Oca's statues were placed.

The popular tradition keeps alive the denomination of La Plaza de Marte, and its special location in the east boundary of the historical urban center assigns to this place the paper of leading pole of the pedestrian and vehicular flows with the modern city, at the same time that it constitutes a special place for the eventual rest and the social contact.

La Plaza de Marte is, at the present time, one of the favorite places of the residents of the city of Santiago de Cuba, since the same one has became popular also for its famous supporters' club, where the sport fans brings together in all the times of the year to exchange on any discipline.

La Plaza de Marte or Plaza de la Libertad for its history and diversity of monuments, for its privileged location constitute an exceptional space of the chore santiaguero

Mapa de Plaza de Marte o Plaza de la Libertad

Plaza de Marte o Plaza de la Libertad is located in Santiago de Cuba

It limits to the north with the province of Holguín; to the west with Granma; to the south with the Caribbean Sea, and to the east with the province of Guantánamo. The province covers a total area of 6 343 21 , Km². You can get here through Antonio Maceo International Airport, also by road from any other part of Cuba, or by sea ─in this last case, requesting the services from Punta Gorda Marina.

Two particular features characterizes Santiago de Cuba that make it exceptional: its hospitality, with people of happy and relaxed temperament and its rich historical-cultural wealth. Its Caribbean identity is evident in its popular music and in folklore manifestations. It depicts the title of Heroine City of the Republic of Cuba for the role carried out by its inhabitants in the revolutionary struggle during the decade of 1950. Privileged by its historical past, in Santiago de Cuba there are two of the Cuban places distinguished by UNESCO with the title of World Heritage: the San Pedro de la Roca Castle and the ruins of the first French coffee plantations in La Gran Piedra. The Santa Ifigenia cemetery , the 26 of July Historical Museum and the Siboney Farm, are places indissolubly linked to the history of Cuba.

Cayo Granma and Baconao Park (Biosphere Reserve) also part of the attractiveness of this region. As a tourist destination, Santiago de Cuba, combines excellent possibilities for the enjoyment of beaches, city and nature tourism for to the places of interest in those three scenarios.

For those who arrive in Santiago de Cuba, there are diverse lodging options in the city and in its surroundings, linked as much to the sea as to nature. With a variety of categories and levels of comfort, it will always be a guarantee for the visitors looking for harmony and soothing rest. There are other things, among so many, that make people from Santiago proud: to be the birthplace, par excellence, of almost all the musical genres of Cuba, a country where the music is soul and root; also, the carnivals that every month of July take place here, are the most spectacular in the country; as well as their rum, the well-known Fiestas del Fuego and the already traditional Festival of the Caribbean.

The region of Santiago de Cuba has the necessary infrastructure to encourage tourism of events and congresses; it also has in its mountainous and seafaring environment the conditions to develop nature and adventure tourism, trekking, nautical activities, and health tourism. But there is nothing better than walk its undulating and narrow streets loaded with history and music at the same time.

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Review about Squares: Plaza de Marte o Plaza de la Libertad
Excellent Ian

Plaza de Martes
Serving as the gateway to the Casco Historico area, the Plaza de Marte is a pleasant spot to stroll around, although in the 19th-century, this square was the place where the Spanish chose to publicly execute their prisoners by firing squad. Today, visitors will find keen baseball fans regularly gathered in the Esquina Caliente area to discuss the merits of the game. Also here are numerous plants and flowers, as well as a tall liberty monument, while close by is the Museo Tomas Romay and its host of natural history exhibits.

Very good PeterR495EH

“Main Square ”
A nice place to relax without being hustled in any way. Seems to be the place where the locals bring there small children to mix and play with others who are strangers.

Very good oyly

“pleasant plaza ”
Ordinary, untouched park where you can sit in the shade for a respite and watch locals doing the same.You might see a small child trying to impress her grandmother as she runs around the statue or listen to students on adjoining benches interacting as they work on their project.

Very good highbrae

“A wonderful spot except for the Jineteros ”
Liberty Park is one of the nicest areas of Matanzas with beautiful architecture, interesting museums, shade trees and great people watching. However, the jineteros can become frustrating, one in particular started trying to sell me cigars, then rum, then lobster, "did I need a place to stay?", "a taxi?", "a lady?", "how about Viagara?", "a girl???? pointing to a group... More 

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